Technology Transfer of AMBU Bag based Critical Care Ventilator- ‘PRANA’

Interest Exploration Note

VSSC/ISRO has developed a low-cost and portable critical care ventilator named ‘PRANA’ (प्राण)- “Programmable Respiratory Assistance for the Needy Aid”. The ventilator is based on the automated compression of an AMBU bag. The system has a sophisticated control system that includes airway pressure sensor, flow sensor, oxygen sensor, servo actuator as well as expiration and PEEP control valves.

The clinicians can select the ventilation mode and set the required parameters through a touch screen panel and monitor various parameters like pressure, flow, tidal volume, oxygen concentration, etc. on the same screen. The ventilator can deliver the required flow of oxygen-air mixture to the patient’s lung at a desired rate set by the clinicians. It has a provision to attach external battery for backup during power failure.

PRANA supports both invasive and non-invasive ventilation modes and is capable of giving mandatory breaths (controlled by ventilator) as well as spontaneous breaths (controlled by the patient). A robust algorithm for controlled and safe ventilation of the patient is implemented which raises alarm and opens safety valves to prevent barotrauma, asphyxia and apnea during the ventilation. Alarm is also raised in case of wrong or improper connection of the ventilation circuit or inadvertent disconnection of the hose or sensors. There are also provisions to attach bacterial viral filters at each interface to prevent cross- infection and the contamination of air(वायु).

 

SPECIFICATIONS

 

S.N

Parameter

Values

1.

Ventilator Category

Adult Critical Care Ventilator

2.

Rated Power

170W

3.

Operating Voltage

230V AC / 24V DC Battery

4.

Ventilation Modes

Invasive: PCV, VCV, PRVC, PSV, SIMV (with ET tube)

Non-Invasive: PAP (with sealed orinasal mask)

5.

FiO2

21% to 80% by controlling O2 flowrate using external valve

6.

Tidal Volume

200 - 1000 cc (depending on lung compliance)

7.

I/E Ratio

1:1 - 1:3

8.

Respiratory Rate

0 - 33BPM

9.

Expiratory Pressure & PEEP

0 - 25 hPa

10.

Flow Rate

0 - 60 lpm

11.

Inspiratory Pressure

10 - 35 hPa

12.

Pressure Trigger

-1 to -3 hPa below PEEP

13.

Bounding Dimensions

592 x 316 x 400 mm

 

The proto type developed at VSSC/ISRO has undergone in-house test & evaluation and meets the specifications given above. The responsibility of obtaining mandatory certification from approving agencies of government of India before clinical usage vests with the industry.

ISRO intends to transfer the technology of PRANA Ventilator to PSUs/Industries/Start-ups having good track record in manufacture of critical medical/electronic equipment manufacturing.

Interested industries / entrepreneurs are requested to submit their expression of interest along with details as per attached annexure in the email address provided below for the purpose of evaluation. Shortlisted industries will be contacted over the email address provided, along with details.

Last date for application is extended to 5 pm on June 25, 2021

The EoI applications and all communications are to be send to pranaventilator@gmail.com

Download Response form for ToT of “PRANA” Ventilator