The pivotal role of education as
an instrument of social change by altering the human perspective and
transforming the traditional mindset of society is well recognised. The
universalisation of education has become the top priority, especially for the
developing countries. But the extension of quality education to remote and
rural regions becomes a Herculean task for a large country like India with
multi-lingual and multi-cultural population separated by vast geographical
distances, and, in many instances, inaccessible terrain.
Since independence, India has seen substantial increase in the number of
educational institutions at primary, secondary and higher levels as well as the
student enrolment. But the lack of adequate rural educational infrastructure
and non-availability of good teachers in sufficient numbers adversely affect
the efforts made in education.