Realizing the potential and capability of remote sensing and GIS for providing cost and time-effective resource database, the Planning Commission, Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Rural Development has proposed to prepare District Resource Atlases using remote sensing and GIS techniques to strengthen various aspects of decentralized district level planning through a co-ordinated approach.
The goal of the project is to develop ICT enabled geospatial platform using space based EO systems and engaging local bodies for planning and carrying out area developmental activities in a decentralized, speedy and transparent manner.
The major objectives are:
Spatial depiction of land & water resource along with their attribute information for preparation of District Resource Geospatial Atlas keeping Village Cadastral data as base on seamless manner for entire country; (States which are already covered may be brought to uniform standard with respect to content and accuracies),
Development of software tools and utilities (including web based GIS applications and standalone) for providing multipurpose user driven applications for speedy, accurate and transparent decision making for district planning.
Capacity building in state departments along with training of manpower and capability for spatial data analysis, which will maintain, update & manage database for decentralized planning.
The resource information will be prepared mainly from four different sources (1) High resolution satellite images, (2) Village Cadastral maps, (3) User departments data, (4) Existing resource GIS layers / databases generated by central / state centers. All the thematic layers will be created on 1:10,000 scale using ortho-rectified high resolution satellite images (Cartosat + LISS 4 Mx fused).
Village cadastral maps will be collected, scanned, vectorised and georeferenced to be overlaid onto ortho-rectified imagery. Attribute data from user departments will be converted into spatial layer and various customized information system will be developed for use in planning activity. One node for each state will be created for providing centralized facility for archiving, organizing, updating and dissemination of information at grassroots level.
The outcome of the Space based Information System for Decentralized Planning mission is to establish and enable the information system comprising of spatial natural resources and non-spatial data towards supporting the districts for the decentralized planning. This GIS database will be customized to meet the requirements of stake holder departments/concerned in providing the digital resource atlases and any other requirements of the States based on their problems/ priority/ developmental programme at Village/ Block/ Taluka/ District level. The Mission is intended to be executed and supported by State Remote Sensing Application Centres / Institutes / IT Departments and Industries and ownership of the database and resource information will be with respective individual stakeholder departments.
“Prioritized Component of SIS-DP”, which is culled out from the components of full SIS-DP Proposal has been launched which consists of generation of resources maps at 1:10,000 scale for all the states and full SIS-DP implementation for 5 states (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Haryana & Kerala).