Under the Coastal Zone Studies project, mapping & monitoring of (i) coastal zone (on 1:25,000 scale and selected areas on 1:5000 scale), (ii) mangroves and coral reefs and (iii) development of Coastal Zone Information System was taken up by ISRO at the behest of Ministry of Environment & Forestry (MOEF). The project also includes mapping and monitoring of vital / critical habitats, marine protected areas, shore line changes and impact of sea level rise and integrated coastal zone management.
Under the project satellite data has been interpreted using digital techniques to prepare coastal landuse, mangrove maps at dominant community level, coral reefs maps at eco geomorphological level, coastal landform maps on 1:25,000 scale. Ecological Status of Marine Protected Areas has been brought out by comparing maps prepared for the period 1989-91 and 2004-06. Models have been developed to study coastal landuse changes and their impact and methodology for cadastral mapping has been developed.
Models for assessing health of mangroves as well coral reefs have been developed. Data base has been created in GIS for the coastal thematic maps and Coastal Zone Information System (CZIS) has been developed for entire Indian coast. Models have been developed for preparing integrated coastal zone management plans and identifying suitable sites for mangrove plantation.